Human trafficking is the transportation, purchase, sale, harbouring or receipt of persons by means of deception, coercion, force or debt bondage for the purpose of exploitation (sexual exploitation, labour, slavery, involuntary servitude).
Victims of human trafficking could be young women or children ( i.e.) human beings below 18 years of age).
They are fraudulently moved from poor rural communities to urban centres to be forced into domestic services or exploitative labour.
The girls are modt times transported to foreign countries and forced to work in the sex industry (ies) as prostitutes.
Who Are The Human Traffickers ?
Perpetrators of this ungodly acts are usually unscrupulous beings who are in desperate need of making in out in life through illegal means.
Human traffickers are poor desperate families who sell their children to recruiters, employers who look for cheap labour they can exploit and merchants who take advantage of poor vulnerable families (relatives, church members, in-laws, aunties, uncles, friends).
They are also employment agencies who advertise non-existent jobs, locally and internationally to unsuspected victims who fall prey for their gimmicks.
Causes Of Human Trafficking
Trafficking in persons is caused by physiological needs of insatiable personalities with little or no moral values.
These set of persons are driven by excessive greed, high level of poverty, specially in the developing countries where government has little or no school scheme for low income earners and destitute.
Also, being a girl child which is at times laced with gender discrimination as application some climes, innate desire for greener pastures, oversized family with low income, Peer group influence and broken families are the main causes of trafficking in persons.
Purposes Of Human Trafficking
The onus of human trafficking is to maximize income and live above average through various exploitative measures.
These measures include; engaging human trafficking victims in exploitative labour, sexual exploitation, rituals domestic servants sensitive organs transplant and forced marriage.
Effects Of Trafficking In Persons
Gender based violence victims tends to suffer to experience a lifetime rauma and depression low self esteem and stigmatization amongst friends, relatives and from the general public.
High risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases and reproductive illness (e.g. VVF, Miscarriages, etc.) and Isolation from family, community and familiar surrounding are yet another effects of human trafficking victims.
Impact Of Human Trafficking On Society
The impact of human trafficking cannot be over emphasised.
It facilitate economic setback, Poor national development, promotes high level of illiteracy creates bad international image and HIV/AIDS and foster the scourge of other sexually transmitted diseases.
Parental Responsibilities Against Human Trafficking
The following are the responsibilities of parents in curbing the menace of trafficking in person:
Section 14 Of The Child’s Right Act provides that “every child has a right to parental care and protection and maintenance”.
•In all actions, parents should consider the best interest of the child as paramount
•They should respect the child’s right to survival, life and development.
•Parents should ensure that the child’s right to education is observed by sending the child to school.